There are numerous benefits to direct medication dispensing. Your patients will be excited to learn they are being offered a convenient, confidential and safe way to receive their medications without having to go to the pharmacy.
Direct medication dispensing can offer your patients more affordable prescriptions. Reports show that physicians who dispense at the point of care have clients who are better compliant. When patients are compliant, doctors see improved health related outcomes.
With a direct link between in office dispensing and improved patient health, many physicians are opting for this type of ancillary service. Many are finding that on top of all the other benefits, in office dispensing is increasing their revenue by thousands of dollars.
But before you jump right in to direct medication dispensing from your office, there are eligibility requirements you must meet. Keep reading to learn the necessary steps to take so you can begin dispensing medications to your patients.
Meet State Regulations
Most medication dispensing programs are regulated at the State level. Each State has their own set of rules and guidelines to follow.
Currently there are just a handful of States that do not allow direct medication dispensing of medications. These include Texas, Montana, Wyoming and Illinois.
All other States allow doctors to prescribe medicines at the point of care, if they meet all requirements. Some States may have limitations that others do not so it is important you check the specific regulations of your State.
Common regulations among States include the following:
- State issued controlled substance dispensing license is required for those of you who wish to dispense Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) scheduled drugs.
- Nurse Practitioner or Physician Assistant credentials updated and legal if you plan to allow them to dispense medications.
- Your State issued dispensing license, if required, which it is in many States.
In addition to meeting these regulations, many States require you meet the Pharmacy Board regulations also.
Meet State Pharmacy Board Regulations
Pharmacy regulations vary by State but you can expect certain laws to be uniform. For instance, most states will require you follow the rules for professional conduct. This includes maintaining patient confidentiality and avoiding fraudulent activities.
Each State requires your prescription order contain specific documentation related to the medicine and the patient, especially if it is a controlled substance. Other information can include dates, quantity, refill information and more.
You may not fill an order if it is older than one year.
You must keep records of medications prescribed. These records need to be available for review by State agencies during inspections.
Furthermore, you must keep track of your inventory, use computerization of prescriptions, follow poison prevention packaging requirements, and maintain privacy and security to patients. You will need to follow safe disposal laws.
When working with a medication distributor, like when you purchase prepackaged medications, you will need to ensure that company meets all regulations as set forth by their State or Federal agencies.
All Drug Enforcement Administration rules apply when it comes to your DEA number and when prescribing controlled substances.
Current State License And DEA Number
Your DEA number allows you to write prescriptions that are considered controlled substances by the government. Controlled substances are ranked and put into five categories. A DEA number allows your prescriptions to be tracked and reported in case of negligent practices.
If you do not already have a DEA number, you can simply apply online using form 224. This is the application for controlled substances registration. You cannot dispense controlled substances without this approval.
You will be expected to give personal information as well as background history. If you do not supply this information, you will not be allowed to register.
Your DEA number does not allow you to dispense medications that treat narcotics addictions. That is a totally separate application and registration process.
Processes And Controls In Place for Staff
You need dedicated staff that place importance on patient care. They need to be committed to providing all documentation related to direct medication dispensing. This may include anything from symptoms to compliance.
The processes used in your office by you and your staff need to be well documented. Everyone needs to know how to label, dispense, inventory, update charts, reporting and any other tasks that may be completed during the process of direct medication dispensing.
Written Office Policies And Procedures Available
Access to office policies and procedures regarding direct medication dispensing need to be available for review at any time. This manual should be a go-to guide for everyone in the office who has a question about dispensing medications.
Your dispensing manual may be like a pharmacist’s manual. It will include important forms and instructions. For instance, the initial screening form that helps you determine eligibility for your program should be included.
The manual will also include important medication recalls, dispensing guidelines, reports on any emergency or negative events, and disposal guidelines. The manual should also include how and when staff have been trained on all things related to direct medication dispensing processes.
Trainings should be ongoing and required by all staff.
Good Direct Medication Dispensing Practices
In the end, you will need to prove you are following good dispensing practices to any Federal, State or local agency that may govern your practice.
The World Health Organization defines good dispensing practices as the way you provide medicine to your patients. Using good practices, you give the right patient the correct medication. The medication is labeled correctly, with all accurate data, including clear instructions for the patient to follow.
From the time you write a prescription until the time the medicine is given to the patient; all the actions in between can determine if your practices are good or bad.
There are a few things you can do to ensure this entire process is consistently successful. You can regularly take part in safety checks with your staff. Provide trainings that keep you and your staff updated on changes to laws and regulations.
Using prepackaged medication greatly reduces any risks of medicine contamination or prescribing errors.
Finally, monitoring and documenting all relative information can assist you in making improvements from year to year, or even month to month.
You can also employ the services of direct medication dispensing companies who thrive in these areas. They can make sure you are compliant with laws, up-to-date on inventories and re-orders, provide you with technology and computer assistance, and give you premium access to modern prepackaged medicines.
Using such a service makes becoming eligible for direct medication dispensing that much easier.